The OCC outlines safety and soundness principles and appropriate risk management processes for its regulated institutions that engage in BNPL lending.
On December 6, 2023, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued Bulletin 2023-37 (Guidance), which clarifies the OCC’s policy positions on the risk management of “Buy Now, Pay Later” (BNPL) lending. These consumer lending arrangements (also known as “point-of-sale installment loans” or “pay-in-4”) involve short-term installment loans repayable in four or fewer payments and carry no finance or interest charges. The OCC expects that banks engaged in BNPL lending “do so within a risk management system that is commensurate with associated risks.”
The Guidance applies to all OCC-regulated institutions, including national banks, federal savings associations, covered savings associations, and federal branches and agencies of foreign banking organizations. The OCC also highlighted that the Guidance applies to community banks engaging in (or considering engaging in) BNPL lending.