Equal Credit Opportunity Act

The rule requires that lenders collect and report extensive applicant data to the CFPB, intended to deter discrimination and promote economic growth.

By Parag Patel, Victor Razon, and Deric Behar

On March 30, 2023, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) finalized a regulation implementing Section 1071 of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act. The regulation requires lenders, including fintech lenders, to collect and report certain demographic and financial data to the CFPB for credit applications received from small businesses. The purpose of the regulation is to promote economic development, increase transparency and accountability, and address unlawful discrimination in small business lending. The CFPB intends to establish a comprehensive and publicly accessible database containing the small business credit application data collected in connection with this regulation.