The centralized repository would assist the CFPB and law enforcement in detecting patterns of misbehavior and recidivism adversely affecting consumers.

By Arthur S. Long, Barrie VanBrackle, and Deric Behar

On June 3, 2024, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) finalized a rule (Registry of Nonbank Covered Persons Subject to Certain Agency and Court Orders) (the Rule) to track judicial and regulatory enforcement orders against nonbank financial firms, and to report on such orders in a publicly available registry.

The rule requires that lenders collect and report extensive applicant data to the CFPB, intended to deter discrimination and promote economic growth.

By Parag Patel, Victor Razon, and Deric Behar

On March 30, 2023, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) finalized a regulation implementing Section 1071 of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act. The regulation requires lenders, including fintech lenders, to collect and report certain demographic and financial data to the CFPB for credit applications received from small businesses. The purpose of the regulation is to promote economic development, increase transparency and accountability, and address unlawful discrimination in small business lending. The CFPB intends to establish a comprehensive and publicly accessible database containing the small business credit application data collected in connection with this regulation.

The agency just revived its dormant authority to supervise nonbank financial entities that it determines pose risk to consumers. 

By Matt Hays, Benjamin Naftalis, Parag Patel, Barrie VanBrackle, and Deric Behar

On April 25, 2022, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) — the US government agency established under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank) and responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector — announced that it is invoking a largely unused legal provision to examine nonbank financial companies that pose risks to consumers.

US lawmakers urge FSOC to designate cloud-based storage systems used by major banks as systemically important financial market utilities.

By Alan W. Avery, Victoria McGrath, and Pia Naib

In an August 22, 2019, letter addressed to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, in his capacity as chair of the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC), Congresswoman Katie Porter and Congresswoman Nydia Velazquez urged Secretary Mnuchin to designate the three leading cloud-based storage systems used by major banks — Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud — as systemically important financial market utilities (SIFMUs). This designation would subject such cloud-based storage systems to supervision and regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve). Citing Title VIII of the Dodd-Frank Act, which was enacted to promote stability in the financial system, the Congresswomen highlighted the dependence on cloud services by banks and financial institutions for their data needs and the subsequent risks such services pose to the safety and stability of the financial system.

A new white paper explores jurisdictional conflicts and the regulatory status of digital assets.

By Yvette D. Valdez, J. Ashley Weeks, and Jacqueline M. Rugart

Members of the American Bar Association’s (ABA’s) Derivatives and Futures Law Committee recently published a white paper exploring the US regulatory landscape for digital assets (White Paper), including a 50-state survey and overview of certain non-US crypto regulatory regimes. The White Paper primarily focuses on the jurisdictional overlap between the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pertaining to the regulation of digital assets.

Latham & Watkins lawyers previously discussed the intersection of CFTC and SEC regulatory jurisdiction in the crypto context here and here.